With the 4G telecommunications systems now starting to be deployed, eyes are looking towards the development of 5th generation or 5G technology and services.
Although the deployment of any wireless or cellular system takes many years, the development of the 5G technology system is being investigated. The new 5G technologies needs to be chosen, developed and perfected to enable timely and reliable deployment.
The new 5th generation, 5G technology for cellular systems will start to fruition around 2020 with deployment following on afterwards.
According to the Next Generation Mobile Network’s 5G white paper, 5G connections must be based on ‘user experience, system performance, enhanced services, business models and management & operations’.
And according to the Groupe Speciale Mobile Association (GSMA), to qualify for a 5G connection, it should meet eight criterias:
- One to 10Gbps connections to end points in the field
- One millisecond end-to-end round trip delay
- 1000x bandwidth per unit area
- 10 to 100x number of connected devices
- (Perception of) 99.999 percent availability
- (Perception of) 100 percent coverage
- 90 percent reduction in network energy usage
- Up to ten-year battery life for low power, machine-type devices
Applications that currently take minutes to download, under 5G, could be downloaded in just seconds. 5G is 100 times faster than 4G. With gigabit-per- second speeds, there is no doubt that 5G is the next major step of telecommunication. 5G will be characterized by its high speed and lower latency that will move us towards life automation. Billions of smart objects and devices will be connected. It will extend the app market as we know it right now.
As the different generations of cellular telecommunications have evolved, each one has brought its own improvements. The same will be true of 5G technology. Any new 5th generation, 5G cellular technology needs to provide significant gains over previous systems to provide an adequate business case for mobile operators to invest in any new system..
5G will be significantly faster than 4G, allowing for higher productivity across all capable devices with a theoretical download speed of 10,000 Mbps. Plus, with greater bandwidth comes faster download speeds and the ability to run more complex mobile internet apps. However, 5G will cost more to implement and while the newest mobile phones will probably have it integrated, other handsets could be deemed out of date. A reliable, wireless internet connection can depend on the number of devices connected to one channel. With the addition of 5G to the wireless spectrum, this could put us at risk of overcrowding the frequency range
. “Current 4G mobile standards have the potential to provide 100s of Mbps. 5G offers to take that into multi-gigabits per second, giving rise to the ‘Gigabit Smartphone’ and hopefully a slew of innovative services and applications that truly need the type of connectivity that only 5G can offer.